Pistons are essential for the standard operations of many aircraft engines, serving to transfer the power of ignited fuel-and-air mixtures to a crankshaft for the means of driving a propeller assembly. While the piston is the element that transfers energy, the combustion of the fuel-and-air mixture takes place within each cylinder. With a small metallic split ring known as a piston ring, a seal is established between the piston and the wall of the cylinder liner. Alongside acting as a seal, the piston ring has other various duties that benefit the overall functionality of the assembly as a whole. In this blog, we will discuss piston rings briefly, allowing you to better understand their design and use.


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Gaskets and seals are components that are often conflated with one another due to the similar roles they play in creating seals. Despite this, there are certain differences between the two that are important to consider when one is searching for the right fit for their project. While gaskets can optimally seal connections between the flat surfaces of components or flanges, seals are used to seal rotating engine parts, shafts, and pumps. In this blog, we will provide a brief overview of gaskets and seals, allowing you to better understand their differences and roles.


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Reciprocating engines, also commonly referred to as piston engines, are apparatuses that rely on one or more reciprocating pistons to transform pressure into rotational motion. Reciprocating engines are found in various applications, commonly serving aircraft, automobiles, marine vessels, and other systems that require an internal combustion engine for functionality. There are also a variety of reciprocating engine types, the hydraulic reciprocating engine and pneumatic reciprocating engine being two examples. For aviation in particular, there are a few common types of reciprocating engines that have found implementation, those of which include radial, in-line, and flat reciprocating engines. In this blog, we will provide a brief overview of each, allowing you to understand their importance and functionality.


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From the fuel management system to aircraft air conditioning, there are numerous systems which require the monitoring of temperatures for proper functionality. In order to gauge temperatures across an aircraft, various forms of temperature sensors may be employed depending upon the system in question and its operating environment. In this blog, we will discuss some of the primary types of aerospace temperature sensors, allowing you to better understand the roles that they play for safe and efficient flight operations.


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A nut is a common fastener used for numerous assemblies, typically being paired with a bolt for securing two or more parts together. While able to hold onto a bolt with their internal threading, nuts may loosen over time if exposed to vibration or torque. In instances where fasteners are at risk of becoming loose, a special nut known as a lock nut will commonly be implemented. Coming in a variety of types, lock nuts are special components that resist loosening under vibration and toque with the use of friction or positive locking devices.


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Across all the common components of an aircraft, cabin lighting is an extremely important aspect of flight that is not always given the credit it deserves. From enabling sight in low light conditions for safely traversing a cabin to providing comfort to passengers and crew members alike, there are many ways in which interior lighting can benefit flight operations. As LED lighting systems in particular continue to become widespread and dominate the lighting market, many airliners and business jet owners have begun revamping their aircraft with improved interiors for the benefit of all on board.


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The fuel system of an aircraft is paramount for its standard operation, ensuring that fuel is pressurized, transferred, mixed with air, and optimally combusted for the means of thrust generation. While the makeup of a fuel system may vary depending upon the size, shape, and application of a particular aircraft, there are some common components and elements that may be found in most types. In this blog, we will provide a brief overview of the primary fuel system components found in most aircraft, allowing you to better understand their functionalities and uses.


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Solenoid valves are used to convert electrical energy to mechanical energy and cause a magnetic response. The solenoid activates when an electrical current travels through the wire coil. Once activated, solenoids in hydraulic and pneumatic valves control the flow of fluid when a fluid power system is in motion. There are many different types of solenoid valves, though direct-acting and pilot-operated are the two main categories. In this blog, we will discuss the many types and configurations of solenoid valves. 


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A bearing is a device used to help machines and objects rotate. Bearings commonly consist of a housing unit with a hole that supports the shaft of a machine or object. The shaft is placed in the bearing’s hole where it can easily rotate. Consequently, this reduces wear and tear on the connected machines and objects. While bearings of all types consist of a housing unit that supports a machine or object’s shaft, there is a wide range of bearing types. In this blog, we will discuss one such type: the pillow block bearing.


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A gear is a rotating machine element used to transmit torque from one shaft to another via the teeth machined into the gear. Gears mesh with gears of similar teeth profiles, allowing for the transmission of power from a driving shaft to the driven one. Gears carry out a broad range of functions and therefore come in many types. In this blog, we will cover five of the most common types of gears and their characteristics.


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When aircraft are operating in extreme altitudes exceeding 30,000 feet, the surrounding atmosphere can easily reach temperatures well below 0 degrees Fahrenheit. As such temperatures are far from comfortable or safe for travel, many aircraft will utilize various heating systems in order to maintain optimal environmental temperatures. With a variety of aircraft types differing in their construction, pressurization, and more, multiple aircraft heating systems may be present across models, each with their unique operations and benefits.


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As the most widely implemented engine type for modern aircraft, the gas turbine is a type of continuous and internal combustion engine. While sharing some similar components, there are a few primary types of turbine engines that are commonly used, each offering unique characteristics and advantages that may benefit varying aircraft models. Turbojets, turboprops, turbofans, and turboshafts are all propulsion systems that cater to varying needs of aircraft and aviation, each serving as one of the most common forms of turbine engines.


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